Latest Biometric technologies offer high-performance security systems that utilize an individual’s physical & behavioral attributes such as Fingerprint, Face recognition, Palm- Vein recognition, Voice recognition, Iris and Retina recognition, Keystroke dynamics, Gait, Signature dynamics, etc.
Conservative identification or verification technologies like passwords, pins, etc are no longer efficient and are being quickly replaced by the latest biometric technology. From government to organizations, border security forces to banks, biometric solutions are now part of every sector where authentication and security are required.
Governments are embracing biometrics to update passports; airports are using them to enhance convenience, safety, and security. Border security forces are utilizing biometrics to trace criminals and organizations are adopting biometrics to track employees’ time and attendance in order to enhance the efficiency and productivity of employees.
Some of the advancements in biometrics are as below:
The latest technology used for authentication is based on the Physical and Behavioral attributes of an individual.
- Physiological measures: Physiological biometrics refers to physical measurements of the human body that serve as identification, such as Face recognition, vascular recognition (palm and vein), Iris, and Retina (Eye) recognition
- Facial Recognition- Face biometrics is a type of biometric technology that measures and identifies face shape based on the placement of eyes, lips contour, and nose width. The sensors verify and authenticate an individual by scanning the image.
This type of biometric technology is used by organizations for Time & Attendance tracking, Airports to enforce border control, Retailers, Access control, security.
b.Voice Recognition- When it comes to voice recognition different speech and voice patterns are analyzed in which frequency, tone, pitch, the rhythm of a speech is processed and helps to recognize individuals.
It enables swift, friction-free, and secured access to a wide range of applications from mobile and online chatbots apps, call centers and physical access
c.Vascular Recognition- Also known as Vein recognition uses vascular patterns of an individual’s hand, palm, finger, and dorsal side of the hand for authentication. Vein patterns of each individual are unique and it’s impossible to spoof veins as the vein patterns are inside the skin hence cannot be copied and are considered to be highly secure.
This type of biometric technology is used in various applications across industries such as Identification, Access control, Payments, Ticketing, Time, and Attendance
d.Retina or Iris Recognition – The diverse and varied characteristics of the iris or retina of the eye can also be utilized for identification. Iris scanning biometrics assesses unique patterns in the retina or iris of the eye to authenticate an individual’s identity.
This type of authentication is commonly used in automated passport controls, National ID initiatives, border control to identify travelers entering and leaving countries by land, air & sea.
The above Physiological biometrics offers a swift, contactless mode to verify individuals. This has gained immense popularity across industries in the current pandemic era as these biometrics serves as a preventive measure to stop the spread of the Coronavirus.
- Behavioral Measures: Behavioral biometric verification verifies individuals based on distinct patterns shown when interacting with devices like tablets, smartphones, computers including the keyboard and mouse.
The components considered here are finger pressure on the keypad, angle at which the phone is held, typing speed, how the mouse is used, etc. It’s all about how an individual uses the devices. These components allow accurate & friction-free verification. Today, industries use behavioral biometrics for online banking, e-commerce, online payments, and other high-end security verification markets.
a.Gait Recognition- it identifies individuals based on their distinctive walking or movement patterns. It is the process in which forms of human motions are automatically acquired and subsequently these forms enable to verification of the identity of individuals in motion
b.Cursor dynamics- It is the process of verifying individuals based on their cursor operating patterns like speed, movements, and clicks
c.Keystroke Recognition- It is the process of analyzing and evaluating typing patterns on digital devices like mobile phones, computer keyboards, and touch screen devices.
These typing patterns vary from user to user which helps in authentication such as typing speed, duration of the keys pressed, patterns, key pressure.
d.Signature dynamics- Physical movements executed by an individual while signing such as speed, movement of the pen, the pressure exerted, etc. are converted into sensors or signals for verification.
Advancements in Biometric technology are changing so rapidly that it is hard to predict how the world we live in is likely to change. Biometrics is a significant change in identification & verification management in a number of industries and Government entities. There is no doubt that biometrics now impact virtually every corner of the globe to enhance security
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